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Treatment of cough and sputum in children

 Treatment of cough and sputum in children

Many parents may ask about the treatment of cough and sputum in children, to answer that, here is this article.

Treatment of cough and sputum in children

We will talk about the treatment of cough and sputum in children and how to choose the most appropriate treatment:

Treatment of cough and sputum in children

There are two types of coughing: dry cough and itchy sputum. The phlegm comes either from the nose and sinuses or from the lungs.

In general, coughing with sputum should not be prevented, because it cleans the mucus from the lungs and expels it outside the body, and there are different types of treatments that are used in the treatment of cough and sputum in children, such as:

1. Take expectorants and expectorants

They are medicines that thin and thin the phlegm and break the bonds between its molecules so that the child can easily excrete it. It is preferable to consult a doctor before giving any of these medicines to the child, and not to give them if the child is less than 6 years old.

There are several combinations of these medicines, such as:

  • Guaifenesin (Guaifenesin).
  • Potassium Iodide.
  • Bromhexine or Ambroxol hydrochloride.
  • Acetylcysteine.
  • Scrubs made from natural ingredients, such as: extracts of thyme, plantain, and primrose, come in the form of syrup in the drugstore.
2. Make more fluids

It is important to give the child fluids to prevent dehydration, as fluids help soothe a sore throat and keep it moist.

If the child is a baby, it is important to increase the number of milk feeds during the day. Older children should be encouraged to drink more water or drink fluids containing electrolytes and intended for children, as these solutions are available in the pharmacy.

You can also drink herbal drinks that have mucolytic properties, such as thyme, plantain, and primrose.

3. Experience a warm steam bath

It is helpful to expose the child to a warm bath for a few minutes while letting him inhale the warm steam for no more than 5-10 minutes.

4. Eat honey and lemon

Honey is an effective cough remedy for children, but it should be noted that honey should not be given to children under the age of one year because it can cause food poisoning.

Honey and lemon can soothe a child's cough, as half a lemon is squeezed into a cup of boiling water, then add 1-2 tablespoons of honey and stir the mixture, then drink it warm, and you should pay attention that it is not too hot when giving it to the child.

5. Rinse the nose

Rinsing the nose with sterile saline is safe for children and infants. It is easiest to use a syringe to spray saline into one nostril and the other to suck mucus from the other nostril.

6. Humidify the air

Humidifying the air is a great way to reduce dry air in a child's bedroom because dry air can make coughing worse.

Tips for treating cough and phlegm in children

Here are some tips to get the best results when treating a child:

  • Do not use antibiotics without consulting your doctor, as they are not helpful in the case of a viral infection.
  • Do not use medicines that prevent coughing, such as medicines containing the combination dextromethorphan and codeine, because they are not safe in the case of coughing with sputum and cause side effects in children.
  • Do not expect the cough to go away quickly. The cough may last for 3 weeks in a child after having a cold, but if it lasts more than that, see a doctor.

When to see a doctor?

You should see a doctor when coughing with sputum accompanies any of these symptoms in a child:

  • The child refuses to eat or drink.
  • The sound of a child breathing, like a rooster crowing.
  • High fever
  • The child wheezes when breathing.
  • Cough that lasts for more than a month.
  • The child does not appear healthy and active.

Emergency help should be sought if the child:

  1. He coughs up blood and sputum.
  2. Blue discoloration of the lips, face, or tongue.
  3. Has difficulty breathing.