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Symptoms of kidney inflammation in children and how to diagnose

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 Symptoms of kidney inflammation in children and how to diagnose

Can children suffer from kidney infections? What are the symptoms that appear on them? Here is the most important information about the symptoms of nephritis in children.

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What are the symptoms of kidney infection in children? Follow the article to know more:


Symptoms of kidney infection in children


Kidneys may be exposed to problems and infections in children as well as adults, and there are many reasons that lead to kidney inflammation in children.

Here are the symptoms of kidney infection in children according to the main causes:

Symptoms of kidney inflammation in children due to infection


One of the main causes of kidney inflammation in children is bacterial infection, and it is often the first cause in most children.

Symptoms include:

1. Symptoms in a newborn


Symptoms in newborns include:

  • Refusal to feed.
  • Inability to gain a healthy weight.
  • Idle.
  • Abdominal cramps.
  • Vomiting.
  • Yellowing of the skin.
  • The presence of a foul odor in urine.

Although infection is present, a high temperature is not a symptom of kidney infection in infants, so other signs and symptoms should be watched.

2. Symptoms in children less than two years old


Include the following:

  • A high temperature sometimes.
  • Poor nutrition and loss of appetite.
  • Vomiting.
  • diarrhea.

3. Symptoms in children older than two years


Symptoms include:

  • High temperature.
  • Chills
  • Appetite disturbance.
  • Pain in the stomach, lower abdomen, lower back, or groin.
  • Pain over the pubic bone.
  • Pain and burning when urinating.
  • Significantly frequent urination.
  • incontinence.
  • The appearance of blood in the urine.
  • Vomiting.

Symptoms of Kidney Inflammation in Children due to SLE


SLE is one of the most prominent immune diseases that lead to kidney inflammation in children, and the symptoms include the following:

  • high blood pressure.
  • Dark-colored urine.
  • Flu-like symptoms appear.
  • Joint aches and pains.
  • Swollen feet, ankles, eyes, and hands.
  • Sudden weight gain due to fluid retention.

Complications of kidney inflammation in children


In the event of neglect and failure to treat the child properly and in the appropriate time, especially in the case of kidney inflammation resulting from a bacterial infection in particular, the child may suffer from some serious complications that increase the chance of staying in intensive care or sometimes death.

Here are the most common complications of nephritis in children:

1. Sepsis


Sepsis is a dangerous condition that results from the multiplication of bacteria or any other microbe in the blood, which leads to the immune system secreting chemicals that work to kill the microbes, but in this case they spread in the blood and start attacking the body's systems themselves, which leads to their breakdown and sometimes death.

Symptoms of sepsis in children include:

  • A very high temperature with chills or a severe hypothermia.
  • Self acceleration.
  • Accelerated heartbeat.
  • Skin sweating.
  • Extreme lethargy and sleep most of the time.
  • Body pain or increased crying.

2. Bacterial meningitis


Bacterial meningitis is the arrival of a bacterial infection into the meninges, the layers that surround the brain and spinal cord.

Kidney infection can sometimes lead to bacterial meningitis in children. Symptoms of bacterial meningitis in children include the following:

  • High temperature.
  • Severe headache.
  • Neck stiffness
  • Sensitivity to light.
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion and inability to concentrate.
  • rash.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Sore throat.
Bacterial meningitis is serious and can lead to hearing loss, mental disorders or sometimes death. Therefore, please be careful and follow the child if any of the mentioned symptoms appear.

Diagnosis of kidney inflammation in children


Here are the most important diagnostic methods for nephritis in children:

  • Blood and urine tests that help reveal the cause, such as the type of bacteria causing the infection.
  • Ultrasound, which helps detect any problems in the structure or functions of the urinary system.
  • Vaccine cystography and urethrography, which detects problems with urine reflux.

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