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Symptoms of cholecystitis, its causes, and methods of treatment

 Symptoms of cholecystitis, its causes, and methods of treatment

What is cholecystitis? What are the things and factors that may increase your chances of catching it? What are the symptoms of cholecystitis? This is what we will talk about now.

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Let us know in the following about cholecystitis with its different types and the symptoms of cholecystitis associated with each type, in addition to an important set of information about this type of inflammation.

Symptoms of cholecystitis

There are many symptoms expected to appear when infection with cholecystitis of various types, and among the most prominent symptoms of this cholecystitis are the following:

1- Symptoms of acute cholecystitis

When suffering from acute cholecystitis, the patient may have the following symptoms:

  • Pain in the upper or right half of the abdomen tends to appear after meals.
  • Fever may be accompanied by chills.
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Jaundice.

2- Symptoms of chronic cholecystitis

A person with this type of cholecystitis may not have any symptoms, and in other cases, symptoms similar to those that appear on a person with acute cholecystitis may appear, such as: abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.

The pain associated with chronic cholecystitis is characterized by pain that appears intermittently, similar to attacks, and this type of cholecystitis is not accompanied by the appearance of fever, unlike the previous type.

Causes of cholecystitis and risk factors

The cause of cholecystitis in most cases is gallstones, as gallstones may cause a complete blockage in the cystic duct and thus block the pathway to the juices coming from the gallbladder, which leads to the accumulation of this juice in the gallbladder.

At other times, the chances of developing cholecystitis may increase due to several factors, such as:

  • That the patient has recently undergone one of the following: undergoing critical surgery, exposure to an infection that weakened the immune system, or recent recovery from a serious illness.
  • The gallbladder deficiency reduced its ability to empty its contents of the juice in the intestine.
  • Having one of the following diseases: sickle cell anemia, obesity, and diabetes.
  • The chances of developing cholecystitis are generally higher among women after the age of 50 and among men after the age of 60 years.

Diagnosis and treatment of cholecystitis

Before starting the treatment plan, the doctor will subject the patient to a set of tests that help to reach the correct diagnosis, such as: blood tests, X-ray imaging, CT imaging, and hepatobiliary imaging.

After reaching the appropriate diagnosis, the treatment plan is determined according to the patient's condition and the type of cholecystitis he has, and these are some of the options available:

  • Keeping the patient in the hospital for a short period of time in order to completely relieve the gallbladder, as the patient is given nutrition through intravenous fluids, and the patient is given a mixture of pain relievers and antibiotics that relieve symptoms and help treat inflammation.
  • Giving the patient special medications that may help break up gallstones, in case gallstones are the cause of the infection.
  • Undergoing surgery to remove the gallbladder, this type of operation is very common and is not considered a risk.

Oftentimes, a doctor will recommend that a patient make certain changes to their diet after following any of the aforementioned treatment procedures.

Complications of cholecystitis

If the patient does not get treatment in time, this can cause a host of serious problems and complications, such as:

  • The death of gallbladder tissue, which can cause serious complications such as gangrene.
  • Gallbladder rupture or burst, which is likely to occur as gallbladder swelling persists without treatment.
  • Bowel obstruction or contamination.
  • Peritonitis.
  • pancreatitis.

Types of cholecystitis

What are the different types of cholecystitis:

  1. Acute cholecystitis: This type of inflammation appears suddenly, and is usually associated with abdominal pain, nausea, and fever.
  2. Chronic cholecystitis: This type is characterized by being less severe than the previous type, and it may cause mild symptoms or no symptoms at all. This type of inflammation may result from repeated attacks of the aforementioned acute cholecystitis, and it may ultimately cause the gallbladder to contract And losing the ability to fully perform its duties.

Important information about cholecystitis

The gallbladder is an organ similar in shape to a pear located at the bottom of the liver, and mainly works to store a special type of juice called the gallbladder juice (Bile), the gallbladder juice is usually produced in the liver, and from there it is sent to the gallbladder where it is stored until the intestine becomes necessary.

Then this juice is released from the gallbladder into the intestine through the cystic duct to help complete the digestive process properly. Cholecystitis occurs when the cystic duct becomes obstructed, and the cause of cystic duct blockages is often things such as gallstones.

The obstruction causes the gallbladder to become inflamed and swollen, which in turn may lead to the start of bile leaking into the intestine and to feel pain and unusual tenderness in the middle area of ​​the abdomen or in the right part of the abdomen.