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Premenstrual dysphoric disorder: A strange condition that you don't neglect

 Premenstrual dysphoric disorder: A strange condition that you don't neglect

What is premenstrual dysphoric disorder? What are the symptoms accompanying it? What are the causes and factors that may lead to infection? Important information in this article.

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We will let you know what comes about premenstrual dysphoric disorder, or what is medically called premenstrual dysphoric disorder - PMDD, and the most prominent information about it

What is premenstrual dysphoric disorder?

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a chronic disorder that is classified as a severe type of premenstrual syndrome, so you may encounter it under another medical name, acute premenstrual syndrome (Severe PMS).

Symptoms of this disorder begin to appear during the days leading up to menstruation, and while PMS may only cause mild physical and psychological symptoms, premenstrual dysphoric disorder may be associated with severe symptoms, and these symptoms may have a significant negative impact on the life of the affected woman. Causing her to think about suicide.
The causes of this disorder are not completely clear, but it is believed that certain factors may increase the chances of developing it, such as: hormones, genetics, and initially having some psychological problems.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a less common condition than premenstrual syndrome, with an incidence of approximately 5%, and premenstrual syndrome may have an incidence of approximately 80%.

It is preferable to resort to a doctor to treat this disorder, and if the affected woman does not get the necessary treatment, this disorder may have severe consequences that may disrupt various aspects of a woman's life.

Causes of premenstrual dysphoric disorder

The causes of this disorder are not completely clear, but it is believed that it affects women whose bodies may be hypersensitive to hormonal fluctuations, as their brain may show an abnormal reaction to some of the natural hormonal changes that the body goes through during the menstrual period.

This reaction may lead to a decrease in the levels of an important neurotransmitter in the body, which is serotonin. Serotonin is a substance that affects the mental and physical state and is usually found in the brain and intestines.

These are some of the factors that may increase your chances of developing premenstrual dysphoric disorder:

  1. If a woman suffers from certain psychological problems, such as: postpartum depression, depression, and anxiety.
  2. Genetics and genetics, and the woman’s descent from a family in which some women have previously had problems such as: depression, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and postpartum depression.
  3. Other factors, such as: smoking, exposure to previous psychological or physical trauma, excessive drinking, obesity, and thyroid disease.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder symptoms

The affected woman may exhibit a wide range of symptoms, which may seem at first glance similar to the symptoms of other diseases, and these are the most prominent of them:

1. Psychiatric symptoms

Like the following:

  • Nervousness and anger.
  • Depression, anxiety, and insomnia.
  • Acute fatigue.
  • Confusion.
  • Emotional sensitivity.
  • Crying spells.
  • Difficulty concentrating.
  • Mood swings.
  • Forgetting.
  • Low self-confidence.
  • Loss of interest in activities that a woman would normally enjoy.
  • Feeling hopeless and suicidal.
  • The inability to act properly to resolve some of the disagreements.

2. Physical symptoms

Like the following:

  • Digestive problems, such as: stomach cramps, nausea and vomiting, constipation, bloating, and appetite changes.
  • Skin problems, such as: pimples, itching and dermatitis.
  • Problems with the nervous system and the circulatory system, such as: headache, dizziness, heart palpitations, body numbness, fainting, and muscle spasms.
  • Problems related to fluid retention, such as: swollen limbs, weight gain, and breast tenderness.
  • Other symptoms, such as: back pain, a feeling of heaviness in the pelvis, allergies, vision changes, hot flashes, menstrual pain, and decreased sexual desire.
These symptoms may begin 1-2 weeks before your period begins, but they often resolve as your period approaches completion.

Diagnosing premenstrual dysphoric disorder

To diagnose this disorder, a comprehensive physical examination and some tests and analyzes are performed that may help rule out other health problems whose symptoms are similar to those of this disorder.

Then, after ruling out other diseases, it is possible to diagnose the infection if the following criteria match the case:

  • Repeat the same symptoms over two consecutive monthly cycles.
  • Symptoms appear a week before menstruation and disappear with the start or end of menstruation.
  • Symptoms disturb the woman's ability to go about her normal life.
After that, the symptoms are closely monitored, as there must be at least 5 common symptoms of this disorder on the patient, including:

  • Mood swings.
  • Sleep disorders.
  • Anger and nervousness.
  • Increased appetite.
  • Difficulty concentrating.
  • Physical symptoms, such as: headache, breast tenderness, and bloating.
The doctor may ask the woman to record the symptoms appearing for several months in a row to facilitate the process of reaching the correct diagnosis.

Treating premenstrual dysphoric disorder

Here are some treatments that may help reduce the severity of this disorder:

  1. Taking some types of medication, such as: antidepressants and birth control pills.
  2. Adopt some healthy practices, such as: yoga, exercise, drinking enough water, and meditation.
  3. Take some nutritional supplements, such as calcium, magnesium, and vitamin E.