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Information about the menstrual cycle every woman should know


 Information about the menstrual cycle every woman should know

When a woman’s menstrual cycle begins, it indicates the stage of puberty, and there is important information that every woman should know about menstruation.

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Menstruation is defined as a group of monthly changes that occur in a woman's body, as the blood of the lining of the uterus begins to descend, and it is accompanied by a set of symptoms, and it indicates the woman’s puberty and her ability to conceive.

Date of your period

A woman’s menstrual cycle begins at the age of 12 to 14 years, but some girls may occur earlier or later than that, and it occurs to women approximately every 28 days. However, there are some differences in the cycle from one woman to another, It can range from 24 days to 35 days.

When the period occurs regularly, this indicates the health of the woman's reproductive system, but in the case of irregular menstruation, it may indicate the presence of hormonal disorders and the woman's need to follow up with the gynecologist.

Features of the menstrual cycle

Also, the menstrual cycle differs from one woman to another in terms of its abundance and the duration of its episodes, some women have a light menstrual cycle that lasts for a few days, and others have a heavy menstrual cycle that lasts for long days.

Usually, the duration of the menstrual cycle ranges from 3 to 5 days, and it can last up to 7 or 8 days in some women, but it is not required that the blood of the menstrual cycle continues at the same rate every month, as there are many factors that control this matter. .

PMS symptoms

There are some symptoms that a woman can feel before the start of the menstrual cycle and during its occurrence, and these symptoms differ from one woman to another, and include:

  • Feeling of pain in the lower abdomen: The pain can extend to the back as well.
  • A change in the psychological state: the woman becomes more nervous and tense during her menstrual cycle.
  • Oversleeping: A woman's desire to sleep for longer periods of time during her menstrual cycle increases.
  • Acne: Many women notice the appearance of pimples on the face before menstruation.
  • Changes in the breast: Some changes may occur in the size of the breast in addition to the feeling of pain when pressing it for some women.
  • Digestive disorders: Some women experience digestive disorders during the menstrual cycle, and this causes constipation or diarrhea, in addition to bloating and gas.
  • Headache: Headache during the menstrual cycle results from changes in estrogen levels.
  • Body swelling: Some women experience swelling in various parts of the body during or before the menstrual cycle, and these swelling fade with the end of the menstrual period.

Menstruation and pregnancy

Every woman has two ovaries, and each ovary carries a group of eggs of small size, and ovulation occurs in a woman during the eleventh day to day 21 of the start of the menstrual cycle, which is the period called ovulation.

During ovulation, pregnancy can occur in a woman through fertilization of the egg with sperm, and some women can feel the symptoms of ovulation, which are pain in the lower abdomen or on one side, and the woman may not feel these symptoms.

When does the menstrual cycle stop?

The menstrual cycle stops in the event of pregnancy in a woman, and therefore the lack of menstruation may indicate the occurrence of pregnancy, which is a temporary pause, as the menstrual cycle returns again after childbirth.

As for the permanent cessation of the menstrual cycle, it is in the stage of menopause, which can occur after the age of 45 years, and women may notice some symptoms during this stage, such as; Menstrual disorders caused by hormonal disorders, as estrogen levels decrease, and therefore women are unable to conceive with the stopping of the menstrual cycle.

Things that affect a woman’s menstrual cycle

There are some things that can affect a woman's menstrual system, the most important of which are:

  • Psychological state: Psychological stress and nervous tension can cause irregular and delayed menstruation.
  • Following a diet: In the case of a diet to lose weight, a woman may notice some disturbances in the menstrual cycle.
  • Exercise too hard: Also cause extreme exertion such as; Doing strenuous exercise with changes in the menstrual cycle.
To maintain the menstrual cycle, a woman must maintain a correct lifestyle that depends on eating healthy foods, exercising in moderation, getting good sleep periods, and avoiding stress and anxiety.