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Gum ulcers: the most important information

 Gum ulcers: the most important information

You must have ever complained of gum sores, but what are the causes? How can her recovery be speeded up? You can find the answer in the following article.

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Gum sores are a bit uncomfortable and painful, but most of the time they go away on their own. Follow the article to learn more about gum sores:

What are gum ulcers?

Gum ulcers are painful and annoying sores although they are harmless. They most commonly appear inside the mouth on the cheeks, lip and tongue, and are circular or oval in shape.

Gum ulcers vary in color, some are white, red, or gray, and it is normal for many sores to appear inside the mouth at the same time.
It should also be noted that there is a need to differentiate between gum and mouth sores and cold sores, as the latter appear on the lips and around the mouth from the outside, and may cause some stinging or burning before they appear.

When to worry about gum sores?

Most of the time, gum sores are not a cause for concern, but it is worth worrying if one of the following occurs:

  • The persistence of a single ulceration of the gums for more than two weeks.
  • Unexplained recurrence of gum ulcers.
  • Persistent pain and redness.
  • In this case, gum ulcers may be precancerous ulcers known as oral cancer, if they are accompanied by numbness in the face and difficulty speaking and chewing, so you should see a doctor if there is one of the previous warnings.

Causes of gum ulcers

The causes of gum ulcers are divided into two branches:

Medical causes for gum ulcers

Medical causes of mouth and gum ulcers include:

  • Hormonal changes including puberty, pregnancy, and menopause.
  • Taking some medications such as: analgesics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, beta-blockers, and chemotherapy for cancer patients.
  • Some medical conditions and diseases such as: Crohn's disease, vitamin B12 deficiency, iron deficiency, weak immunity, and Behcet's disease.

Causes related to lifestyle

Lifestyles are one of the causes of mouth and gum ulcers, and they are as follows:

  • stop smoking.
  • Eat spicy, hot, and sour foods.
  • Orthodontic installation.
  • Installing dentures.
  • Following diets that lack the following nutrients: vitamin B12, folic acid, zinc, and iron.
  • Stress or anxiety.

Treating gum ulcers

Treatments for gum sores include:

1. Normal saline

Saline solutions can be used either ready from the pharmacy or prepared at home by dissolving half a teaspoon of salt in a small cup of warm water.

Aqueous solutions are used as rinses to reduce swelling and irritation. They may be painful at first, but they are useful.

2. An anti-microbial mouthwash

Mouthwashes that contain chlorhexidine gluconate are used as an antiseptic and kill microbes.

It should be noted that there is a need for a time separation between mouthwashes that contain this formula and toothpaste to avoid conflict between them and to avoid an unpleasant taste in the mouth.

3. Pain relievers in many forms

Pain relievers are in the form of: oral sprays, mouth gels, and mouthwashes.

The mouthwash containing benzydamine hydrochloride should be used four times a day, while the spray can be used approximately every hour and a half after consulting your doctor.

4. Cortisone tablets

Cortisone chewable and dissolving tablets are used inside the mouth, as these tablets may stick directly to the gums to relieve gum ulcers, and they should be used as directed by your doctor.

Tips to speed up the healing of gum sores

Here are some practices to speed up the healing of gum sores and avoid the pain caused by them:

  • Use a straw to drink cold drinks: to avoid pain.
  • Avoid mouth sore triggers: including spicy, hot, and acidic foods.
  • Use a soft brush to clean your teeth: to avoid forming pressure or wounding gum sores.
  • Use a mouthwash free of Sodium lauryl sulphate, as this combination irritates gum sores.