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Learn about common gallbladder removal risks and how they can be avoided

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 Learn about common gallbladder removal risks and how they can be avoided

Many wonders about the harms and risks of removing the gallbladder: Learn about it and how you can avoid it.

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Before we learn about the potential damages of removing the gallbladder, here is the most important information about the reasons for the need for this surgical procedure:

Gallbladder removal


Gallbladder problems begin when an excess amount of cholesterol and bilirubin produced by the liver collects and accumulates inside the gallbladder, which leads to problems such as the formation of gallstones, stones in the bile ducts, cholecystitis, causing pain and symptoms that compel the doctor to remove the gallbladder.

Many patients worry about the potential damages of removing the gallbladder, but many of them live a healthy life after removing the gallbladder as the bile moves from the liver to the intestine directly without the need to store it inside the removed gallbladder.

What are the disadvantages of removing the gallbladder?


Although the operation to remove the gallbladder is considered relatively safe, the risk of damage and complications is possible, as is the case with all surgeries, including:

1. The incidence of post-cholecystectomy syndrome


This syndrome (Post-cholecystectomy syndrome) is a common damage to gallbladder removal, as some people experience symptoms that resemble symptoms of gallstones after surgery.

It is believed that the cause of this syndrome is the leakage of bile into areas in the stomach or because gallstones are left in the bile ducts, which causes symptoms such as:

  • fever
  • Abdominal pain
  • Jaundice
  • Diarrhea
In most cases, the symptoms are mild and short-lived, but it may last for several months, but if your symptoms are persistent, you must seek the doctor.

2. Post-operative wound infection


An infection may occur inside the wound, causing inflammation that results in swelling, pain, and pus coming out of the wound, so we recommend that in this case, you see a doctor who may prescribe some antibiotics for you.

3. Disturbances in the digestive process


Although the liver still produces enough bile after a cholecystectomy, more than half of patients will suffer from one of the most common risks of removing the gallbladder which is difficulty digesting fats, so pay close attention to your diet and follow the following guidelines:

  • Gradually introduce liquids into your diet, then solid foods.
  • Avoid high-fat or spicy foods that may cause bloating and diarrhea, such as meat and high-fat dairy products, chocolate, oils such as palm oil and coconut oil, hot sauces, and more.
  • Include foods rich in fiber carefully, gradually, and slowly, as they may cause gas and bloating, such as broccoli, cabbage, legumes, nuts, and more.
  • Most of the patients are able to return to a balanced diet after about a month of the operation.

4. Deep vein thrombosis


Deep vein thrombosis is likely after any major surgery, and the risk is increased by lack of movement and smoking. Healthy people have a low risk.

5. Damage to the main bile duct


It is one of the potential risks but rare during cholecystectomy operations, it can be detected during the work and repaired immediately, or symptoms similar to the symptoms of gallstones may appear after days, weeks, or even months to discover the damage later.

6. Problems with the heart muscle


One of the risks of removing the gallbladder, like all surgeries, aggravates heart problems. If you suffer from them in the past, you may need to see a cardiologist to have an echocardiogram and determine the appropriate type of anesthetic for you before the operation.

How to avoid complications after removing the gallbladder?


The formation of stones is one of the most important causes of cholecystectomy, so it is advised to avoid factors that increase the risk of their formation, including:

Lose weight gradually


Rapid weight loss causes an increase in cholesterol levels in the juice, which leads to the accumulation of stones, it is recommended to lose weight by half a kilo to a kilo per week for people who suffer from obesity.

Eat healthy food


It is very important to follow a balanced diet that includes essential nutrients, so the Mediterranean diet is recommended, which is considered a balanced diet as it reduces harmful cholesterol, which increases the risk of stone accumulation.

Use of cholesterol-lowering medications


There are people who have a high risk of stone formation, such as those who undergo weight loss surgery, and they are given treatment to avoid the risks of removing their gallbladder under the supervision of a doctor.

When should you seek medical help?


It is imperative to seek medical help in the event of severe symptoms, including:

  • Severe pain that does not respond to analgesics.
  • A high temperature of more than 38.5 degrees Celsius.
  • Jaundice.
  • Cough and trouble breathing.
  • Pus draining from the wound site.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Sluggishness in the intestine and not passing out for two or three days.
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